The Looting of China by the Kleptokapitalist Bourgeoisie Roaders

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As I set out in The Fall of the Communist Dynasty, and a HT to John Hempton’s piece within which he contends that the entire Chinese economy is a Kleptocracy , this week we have news from Citron Research who reports that  Evergrande Real Estate Group Ltd is 'a deception on a grande scale' .

Citron quote ;-

‘Evergrande who ranks among the top 5 Chinese property companies. Our analysis and primary research reveal that: 1] Evergrande is insolvent; and  2] Evergrande will be severely challenged from a liquidity perspective. The Company’s management has applied at least 6 accounting shenanigans to mask Evergrande’s insolvency. Our research indicates that a total write-­down of RMB 71bn is required and Evergrande’s pro forma equity is negative 36bn.’

What sparked Citrons interest in Evergande was the mail order doctorate the chairman claimed from the University of West Alabama, a small college 230 miles north of New Orleans with 2300 on-campus students. Evergrande’s is one of the top 5 players in the Chinese property market that fell for its 8th consecutive month in May. My experience with these types of matters is that small things can be excellent markers to greater problems. Small examples of dishonesty in one area of life are often reflected in larger undiscovered examples in other areas of a person’s life.

Meanwhile, Chinese Postal Bank, the country’s 7th largest bank in terms of assets, had its President led away by investigators. The remarkable  aspect of this story is that is that it is not remarkable ; billionaire senior party figures get taken away for questioning  on a weekly basis.

Elsewhere , Zoomlion the concrete and industrial machine giant is seeking Rmb140bn ($22bn) in fresh credit, fuelling fears the company is at the centre of a growing debt bubble. Zoomlion only has a market capitalization of $12.5B and is one of the most shorted stocks on the Hong Kong market with over 30% on loan at any one time to short-sellers.  This company certainly lives up to its name, we know we have a bubble when a company with a business model like this one can raise just less than twice as much as the Facebook who raised $12.B by selling 12.3% of the company.

Zoomlion has an interesting business model, it is similar in many  of ways to Caterpillar, except whereas Caterpillar report falling sales, Zoomlion reports astounding sales growth with a fivefold increase in revenue since 2007. Zoomlion customers sometimes buy ten concrete mixers when  they planned to initially by one or two. They have a perverse incentive to buy more than they need because these concrete trucks are purchased via finance packages supplied by Zoomlion.

Then the machines can be garaged and used as collateral to borrow further funds from other lenders. Zoomlion continues to grow while cement sales have plunged. In May, cement output increased 4.3 per cent YoY, down from 19.2 per cent recorded last year.  Zoomlion’s new debt of $22.5B buys roughly 900,000 trucks which could produce enough concrete (at six loads a day) to build over thirty Great Pyramids of Giza a day .

Every sector is infected with these kinds of perverse business practices, steel traders used loans meant for steel projects to speculate in property and stocks , it has been common (apparently) for steel traders to secure loans to buy steel then use this same steel as collateral to borrow funds to invest in property development and the stock market. In many ways this is the steel version of the Zoomlion model.  A fundamental foundation of any lending market is the ability of the lender to ensure title and guarantee ownership of collateral.

There is $400B in debt spread across the steel market, this debt simply can’t be serviced even with more stimulus, a fall in the price of steel could render much of the market segment insolvent.  The money is being funneled to mainland banks via Hong Kong then it leaves via Macau casinos.

There are dissenting opinions that China has a problem. Even though Chinese PMI is falling at a faster rate than at any time in the last 3 years . Michael Pascoe tells us it is  only the economically illiterate that would read this data unfavourably.

Despite Michael’s assurances that everything is super ok, a falling PMI is yet another signal of prices and orders falling right throughout the  Chinese economy . Pascoe is typical of the highhanded media economists who will chant CCP propaganda all the way over the edge. Pascoe leads cheerleaders against American exceptionalism, all the while embracing the Chinese variety with both arms and few questions.

One of the core elements of the Russian revolution was the Bolsheviks expropriating the capitalist assets using them to fund the revolution. In communist vernacular of the times, it was referred to as the “expropriation of the expropriators”.  This term originally belongs to Marx and provides an effective finale to the first volume of his Kapital:

The monopoly of capital becomes a fetter upon the mode of production which has flourished alongside and under it. The centralisation of the means of production and the socialization of labor reach a point at which they become incompatible with their capitalist integument. This integument is burst asunder. The knell of capitalist private property sounds. The expropriators are expropriated.

All revolutions have class and economic matters at their core. Ironically, the difference in a future  Chinese collapse is that the  expropriators in China in this cycle have been the Communist Party political class. The CCP have become the Kleptopreneur  bourgeoisie who have expropriated from China’s proletariat (the industrial working class), via corruption and theft from the state and state owned enterprises. The Ka-Ching Dynasty is responsible for the greatest looting of a nation in history.

Marx wrote that modern bourgeois society (Capitalism) has conjured up such gigantic means of production and of exchange, that it is like the sorcerer who is no longer able to control the powers of the nether world whom he has called up by his spells (Karl Marx)

The CCP ‘sorcerers’ have summoned up a political and economic nether world that is so systemically corrupted it is in the process of spiralling into same revolutionary physics that destroyed the original Chinese merchant bourgeoisie that Mao overthrew.

The Chinese government has set saving rates at excessively low levels. Overtime this takes savings from depositors and transfers wealth to borrowers. In China this wealth is then mal-invested in projects that have limited real economic value, in the process transferring large amounts of worker savings to the kleptopreneur class , who then often take the capital out of the country.

The entire Chinese economy has been captured by looters who conceal their crimes behind fraudulent reporting.  Like their corporate brethren,they rely on fraud to continue the Communist Ponzi System.  Chinese fraudulent economic data is hiding the scale of the slowdown and this is becoming evident right across the economy. In an astounding example of Chinese productivity,  the economy is managing to grow GDP by 7-8% per annum but only using slightly more oil, coal or cement than in the same period last year. Oil consumption as reported in May only grew by 0.5% year on year at the same time as coal in Qinhuangdao is hitting record stock piles of  9.5 million tons, which is 0.2 million tons over the previous 2008 record. Also,  thermal coal stockpiles at utilities is up over 60% from a year ago

The current political leadership of China represents the greatest looting of a country by the political class ever seen in history. In the Hurun Report released in March 2012—the richest 70 members of the government have a net worth of $89.8 billion, an average of over $1B each. This compares to $7.5 billion for the 660 for the US government, an average of  $11M each. China’s Billionaire People’s Congress Makes Capitol Hill Look Like Paupers. In a country so indoctrinated in the works of Marx, it seems only a matter of time before the current Chinese proletariat, suffering under extreme wealth distribution, will rise up. One only has to look at the geographic distribution of wealth to see where the problems might begin.

Furthermore, this does not take into account the wealth held by the families of these politicians. Nor is this corruption limited to politicians. The military, according to John Garnaut's report, has become one of the most corrupt state enterprises of all.  China’s wealth distribution is becoming completely one sided  The success of 300m Chinese who live in western level prosperity depends on the continued exploitation and good nature of one billion people who live on an average of $5000 per annum. This week Chinese military leaders have been ordered to report assets under the following CCP directive - The General Political Department, Discipline Inspection Commission: Leaders Must Report Income, Real Estate Holdings and Investments. This is likely to be met with extraordinary resistance. This could result in a standoff between the CCP and the PLA , where both bodies equally riddled with corruption struggle for the upper hand. The great

The corruption was genetically imprinted on the system from the early 1990s. Cadres (party officials) and entrepreneurs, combined to take previously state owned enterprises during an increasingly relaxed Chinese hybrid economy encouraged by Deng Xiaoping. Cadres were intentionally encouraged to leave the CCP and set up businesses, many deciding to keep both roles, becoming what was known as Cadre-entrepreneurs.

There were sound reasons for this , letting party cadres to set up businesses was the only way of opening up the government controlled system. Whereas a non-cadre entrepreneur might not be able to navigate the complexity of government support and approval, a CCP cadre had, in the early days, all the understanding and influence to move an opportunity forward.  This paper expands  further on the on the nature of the early corruption -  Institutionalized Corruption and Privilege in China's Socialist Market Economy: A General Equilibrium Analysis Ke Li, Rus­sell Smyth, and Yao Shuntian.

Cap­i­tal flight has started; 60 per cent of about 960,000 Chi­nese peo­ple with assets of over Rmb10m ($1.6m) have already begun the process of emi­grat­ing or are con­sid­er­ing doing so.  Are the Chi­nese top 1% los­ing con­fi­dence and tak­ing their money out? In the arti­cle “High Wealth Con­cen­tra­tion, Porous Exchange Con­trol, and Shocks to Rel­a­tive Return: the Frag­ile State of China’s For­eign Exchange Reserve”,  Vic­tor Shih under­lines how frag­ile China is to a loss of con­fi­dence by Chi­nas busi­ness elite.

If this busi­ness elite is pre­dom­i­nately made up of Klep­to­pre­neurs and Cadrepre­neurs   , then cap­i­tal flight might be bought on by a flight to safety by the polit­i­cal class fear­ing a purge rather than com­ing about as loss of con­fi­dence in China.

The great­est assump­tion that the world makes is that the CCP can con­trol and avoid  this by imple­ment­ing more stim­u­lus. When this assump­tion ulti­mately proves to be false then Marx’s nether world will rise up

As Marx observed of the col­lapse of the Roman Empire

Orig­i­nally, they were free peas­ants till­ing, every man for him­self, their own piece of land. In the course of Roman his­tory, they were expro­pri­ated. The same move­ment which sep­a­rated them from their means of pro­duc­tion and of sub­sis­tence, implied not only the for­ma­tion of large landed prop­er­ties but also the for­ma­tion of large mon­e­tary cap­i­tals. Thus, one fine day, there were on the one hand free men stripped of every­thing save their labor power, and on the other, for exploit­ing this labor, the hold­ers of all acquired wealth. What hap­pened? The Roman pro­le­tar­ian became not a wage-earning worker, but an indo­lent mob

Never in his­tory has a gov­ern­ment at this scale , been so com­pletely cap­tured by a polit­i­cal class intent on enrich­ing itself, serv­ing not the best inter­ests of the peo­ple but their own ends. When and in what form the indo­lent mob rises up is hard to say. The real­ity, though, is that the Chi­nese polit­i­cal class is los­ing con­trol. Guanxi the essen­tial sys­tem of trust that holds the Chi­nese sys­tem together is break­ing down, as is the Lenin­ist van­guard sys­tem of con­trol­ling state affairs through the CCP.  A sys­tem of mutual trust and a cen­tral party van­guard is impos­si­ble to main­tain in a Kleptocracy.

Craig Tin­dale is the Vice Pres­i­dent of the Cen­tre for Eco­nomic Sta­bil­ity, Pro­fes­sor Steve Keen’s non-profit research initiative.

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About Craig Tindale

CEO in the software and technology industry qualifications economics and computer sciences well read on Minksy, Marx, Fisher , Schumpeter , Veber and dozens of of others
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25 Responses to The Looting of China by the Kleptokapitalist Bourgeoisie Roaders

  1. RJ says:

    Are the Chi­nese top 1% los­ing con­fi­dence and tak­ing their money out?”

    They can’t really take money out though can they. All they can do is buy over­seas money (US $‘s say) from a will­ing seller

    And if this does become a prob­lem and the peg is dropped is this really such a big issue. Then China will have a true float­ing cur­rency. So what.

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  4. Neil says:

    The fol­low­ing remarks are intended as con­struc­tive crit­i­cism.
    While I do not argue with the propo­si­tion that China is a klep­toc­racy, the arti­cle loses cred­i­bil­ity because of its use of pejo­ra­tive terms and poor con­struc­tion. Highly coloured expres­sions detract from the points. I should like to see more care­fully con­structed sup­port for the propo­si­tions made.The arti­cle would carry con­sid­er­ably more weight if edited into a more aca­d­e­mic style. This blog is not the Daily Tele­graph.
    A point that should eb devel­oped fur­ther is the expo­sure of Hong Kong banks. It is well known that many loans from Chi­nese State banks are not intended to be repaid. It is rather dif­fer­ent for Hong Kong banks as they do expect loans to be repaid and dis­as­ter would result if such mas­sive increased expo­sure ends in default. There are many ques­tions to ask. For exam­ple, Are these Hong Kong bank loans from Hong Kong banks of long stand­ing or from sub­sidiaries of Chi­nese banks recy­cling money exported from China? This is a story that calls for more detailed examination.

  5. Neil, No ! — Have you ever read an arti­cle done in an “Aca­d­e­mic” style on how to make a cup of tea ? – It makes for bad read­ing and an awful cuppa.
    The Aca­d­e­mic writ­ing style is a very poor form of com­mu­ni­ca­tion – a hang­over from the days of medieval scholas­ti­cism — mostly the only thing com­mu­ni­cated to the reader is that the writer has been to uni­ver­sity. I didn’t much rate the arti­cle myself — he quoted form Marx as if Marx had some­thing use­ful to say — but the style had the bless­ing of me being able to under­stand all the points he made in one read through

  6. Steve Hummel says:

    OT, but very rel­e­vant to the hunt for the rea­sons for our mon­e­tary and eco­nomic dilemma, a cou­ple of posts by Jim Schroeder from the Social Credit Google Group:

    Hi Joe:
    When you said below:
    “Because Douglas’s ‘foun­da­tion’, as you call it, in the con­text I believe you mean, was the way the rules and con­ven­tions of double-entry cost account­ing relate to money ‘macro-economically’ in a mod­ern, tech­no­log­i­cally advanc­ing, indus­trial econ­omy. ‘Econ­o­mists’ and ‘accoun­tants’ don’t quite speak the same lan­guage, or look at things in quite the same way. “
    I think you hit upon the root cause of the rea­son why Dou­glas’ ideas were (and still are) rejected by econ­o­mists. Most, if not nearly all, accoun­tants do not care about this sub­ject. Nei­ther accoun­tants nor econ­o­mists, in my opin­ion, under­stand the effect of accural account­ing on the econ­omy as a whole — Dou­glas did.
    In this regard, I draw peo­ples’ atten­tion the the Dou­glas — Hawtrey debate.
    Dou­glas says, “It seems to me to be obvi­ous that if the pur­chas­ing power dis­trib­uted dur­ing its (the exam­ple of a house) con­struc­tion was used in buy­ing con­sum­able goods, then the pur­chaser of con­sumer goods paid for the cap­i­tal equip­ment at the time that it was con­structed.“
    I make ref­er­ence to this fact in my essay “Costs and time”.
    “Cur­rently, we are forced to pay for cap­i­tal twice. The accoun­tant is mainly con­cerned with costs and their impact on price, but for­gets that the upper limit of price is what an arti­cle will fetch on the open mar­ket. When cap­i­tal is built, pur­chas­ing power (in the form of wages, salaries, and div­i­dends) is dis­bursed to indi­vid­u­als who helped con­struct the cap­i­tal. These indi­vid­u­als use that pur­chas­ing power to pur­chase cur­rent con­sumer goods com­ing onto the mar­ket. This activ­ity has a ten­dency to inflate the price of con­sumer goods as this pur­chas­ing power is recouped from retail­ers who find that the effec­tive demand for their prod­uct ris­ing. In this way, the con­sumer pays for the cap­i­tal at the time of its con­struc­tion via the infla­tion of the price of con­sumer goods, and once again as the cap­i­tal is depre­ci­ated over time via depre­ci­a­tion expenses. In fact, the infla­tion­ary effect of the con­struc­tion of cap­i­tal would be far worse if it were not for the negat­ing effect on this process of improve­ments in effi­ciency which tends to reduce prices at the same time.
    Since one dol­lar of income is only capa­ble of defray­ing one dol­lar of cost(*read “The Alberta Post­war Con­struc­tion Com­mit­tee” posted on this blog), con­sumers even­tu­ally find that they do not have income nec­es­sary to defray these depre­ci­a­tion expenses in the future, because they have already used this income to pur­chase con­sumer goods at or near the time they received the income. This cre­ates a gap between incomes and prices, and neces­si­tates the fur­ther pro­duc­tion of goods and ser­vices that the con­sumer is unable to con­sume in order to dis­trib­ute the nec­es­sary income to pur­chase all of the con­sumer goods com­ing onto the mar­ket at some future point in time. Dou­glas exposed this gap in his A+B theorem.”

    Also this response by Jim Schroeder:

    Hi Alan:
    Thanks for the ref­er­ence to Bernard Schmitt. I looked him up on Wikipedia
    and his quan­tum eco­nom­ics. I see the sim­i­lar­ity in his thought and
    Douglas’s in this regard:
    “Mon­e­tary Pathologies[edit
    Infla­tion is the sit­u­a­tion where aggre­gate demand numer­i­cally exceeds
    aggre­gate sup­ply. This sit­u­a­tion is at odds with the log­i­cal quan­tum
    iden­tity between demand and sup­ply – infla­tion is *patho*logical. To have
    infla­tion there must be some money devoid of pur­chas­ing power, which
    quan­tum econ­o­mists call empty money. The ori­gin of infla­tion is closely
    con­nected with cap­i­tal
    mark­ing up prices over costs of pro­duc­tion, firms earn a profit. In
    process wage earn­ers trans­fer part of their pur­chas­ing power over pro­duced
    out­put to firms. Firms’ own­ers may then use prof­its either to con­sume or to
    invest. In the first case, firms’ own­ers spend income on the goods mar­ket
    and income is thereby destroyed. In the sec­ond case, they invest income by
    financ­ing the pro­duc­tion of fixed cap­i­tal goods. The pay­ment of wages being
    financed by a pre-existing income, it implies the pur­chase of fixed cap­i­tal
    goods by firms. This is a final pur­chase of out­put, which there­fore
    destroys income. How­ever, cur­rent sys­tems of pay­ments do not rec­og­nize this
    fact, and allow banks to lend on the finan­cial mar­ket the deposits formed
    fol­low­ing the invest­ment of prof­its. Log­i­cally, the income invested by
    firms is trans­formed into fixed cap­i­tal, and should there­fore no longer be
    avail­able on the finan­cial mar­ket. This not being the case, an ‘empty’ sum
    of money patho­log­i­cally increases the demand for pro­duced out­put: there is
    a nom­i­nal demand not matched by an equal sup­ply (infla­tion). Quan­tum
    econ­o­mists empha­size that infla­tion and its effect – the patho­log­i­cal
    accu­mu­la­tion of cap­i­tal – is a macro­eco­nomic dis­or­der that does not stem
    from the behav­ior of eco­nomic agents. The root of the prob­lem lies in the
    cur­rent account­ing sys­tem of banks, which allows infla­tion to arise.

  7. Steve Hummel says:

    I left out Jim Schroeder’s final com­ment on the sim­i­lar­i­ties and dif­fer­ences between the Social Credit and Quan­tum eco­nom­ics perspective.

    So, all in all, some sim­i­lar­i­ties and some dif­fer­ences. They at least seem
    to acknowl­edge the account­ing cycle of money, and money as a flow, as
    opposed to the quan­tity the­ory of money and money as a stock.

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  10. godfree roberts says:

    Pos­sums! Pos­sums!
    China, a klep­toc­racy? China?
    Think back, baaaack, to every Chi­nese drama you’ve ever watched. ALL of them. Tell me: who was the vil­lain?
    Let me guess.…perhaps.…a cor­rupt offi­cial?
    Admit it. Cor­rup­tion is to China as prawns are to bar­bies. They go together and always have.
    China is not just big on cor­rup­tion, they’re HUGE. Last year they exe­cuted 13 cor­rupt offi­cials (vs. 0 for the rest of the equally cor­rupt world), impris­oned 24,600 of them, and pub­licly tried 48,000 of the lit­tle scum­bags.
    Inci­den­tally, the cor­rupt exe­cu­tees did not die in vain; within twenty sec­onds of their lives being ter­mi­nated by a 5¢, low cal­i­bre bul­let, their organs are har­vested ans sold, and the pro­ceeds used to defray the cost of the trial.
    There is counter-evidence, also, to the tale of ‘endemic cor­rup­tion’.
    The Steer­ing Com­mit­tee og 8–9 engi­neers is extremely hon­est and remark­ably hon­est. They’ve pro­duced a coun­try that is increas­ingly pros­per­ous, con­fi­dent, and sup­port­ive (85%, accord­ing to Pew, Edelman„and Har­vard) of their gov­ern­ment.
    It’s the USA that has the cor­rup­tion prob­lem, as it’s ret­ro­gres­sion so clearly demon­strates. What else could explain its fail­ure? Bad luck?

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  20. mannfm11 says:

    This is inter­est­ing in the sense I have heard the Chi­nese have a short­age of dol­lars. Could it be they are using them all to cash out?

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